A 79-year-old man is referred to the orthopaedic spine surgeon because of increasingly severe low back pain with radiation to his right leg; he has also had weakness of the right leg. The patient is accompanied by his son who explains that his father is no longer able to drive due to the problems with his right leg. He has a history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and peripheral vascular disease. He has lived alone since his wife died three months ago and is having increasing difficulty with activities of daily living (ADLs) because he is minimally mobile. He reports overall exhaustion, an unintentional 4.5-kg (10-lb) weight loss, and several episodes of urinary incontinence over the past several months. He has not had recent fevers or chills. He appears thin.
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Ruben Azocar, MD
George Drach, MD
Sandhya Lagoo-Deenadayalan, MD, PhD
Andrew Lee, MD
Mike Malone MD
Myron Miller, MD
Arvind Nana, MD
Tom Robinson, MD
Victoria Tang MD, MAS
The following members of the advisory panel have reported relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies that have been mitigated through peer review of planning decisions by persons without relevant financial relationships and recusal from any aspect of planning and content related to the financial relationship:
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Joseph Hejkal, MD
Melissa Hornor, MD
Jason Johanning, MD
Sushila Murthy, MD, MPH
Tony Rosen, MD, MPH
Kate Schenning, MD, MPH
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Patrick Kortebein, MD
Joseph LoCicero, MD
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