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What Can Clinicians Learn From Caregiving and Research in Ghettos and Camps of Nazi-Occupied Europe?

Learning Objectives
1. Describe conditions of the Warsaw Ghetto and the importance of its underground clinical practice, teaching, and research
2. Explain the nature and scope of the influence of starvation research conducted in the Warsaw Ghetto
3. Describe the present-day relevance of ethical questions faced by Jewish clinicians caring for fellow incarcerees in ghettos
0.5 Credit CME

This activity explores clinician involvement in and resistance to the Third Reich and the Holocaust. This topic is explored through a medical school in the Warsaw ghetto, human subject research on starvation that was not conducted by Nazi clinicians, and a Hebrew story, yet unpublished in English, of a 27-year-old physician trying to make medicine allocation decisions to treat diabetes and tuberculosis during the Holocaust. This module is appropriate for clinicians of all specialties.

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The AMA Journal of Ethics exists to help medical students, physicians and all health care professionals navigate ethical decisions in service to patients and society. The journal publishes cases and expert commentary, medical education articles, policy discussions, peer-reviewed articles for journal-based, video CME, audio CME, visuals, and more. Learn more

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Activity Information

Credit Designation Statement: The American Medical Association designates this enduring material activity for a maximum of 0.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

CME Disclosure Statement: Unless noted, all individuals in control of content reported no relevant financial relationships.

If applicable, all relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.

AMA CME Accreditation Information

CME Expiration Date: 04/08/2024

Credit Designation Statement:  The American Medical Association designates this Enduring Material activity for a maximum of 0.50 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to: 

  • 0.50 Medical Knowledge MOC points in the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program;
  • 0.50 Self-Assessment points in the American Board of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery’s (ABOHNS) Continuing Certification program;
  • 0.50 MOC points in the American Board of Pediatrics’ (ABP) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program; and
  • 0.50 Lifelong Learning points in the American Board of Pathology’s (ABPath) Continuing Certification program;

It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting MOC credit.


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