It is important to protect yourself, your colleagues, and your patients from SARS-CoV-2 and other infectious diseases. The CDC formed Project Firstline, a national
infection control training collaborative, to provide all health care professionals with foundational knowledge so that you can be ready to implement infection control protocols and procedures during patient care activity
and health care interactions. The American Medical Association is one of many health care and public health collaborators of Project Firstline.
The CDC created the Inside Infection Control vlog series to share some basic ideas behind infection
control, how they apply to COVID-19 and how these ideas can help yourself and others.
A multi-dose vial is a vial of liquid medication intended for injection or infusion that contains more than one dose of medication. Currently authorized COVID-19 vaccines are distributed in multi-dose vials.
Draw vaccine from vials in a designated 'clean area' to reduce potential contamination from multiple use.
Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or soap and water.
If a vial is expired, throw it away immediately as the vaccine may have a weaker efficacy and not provide sufficient protection. In addition, the vial should be clearly labeled for multiple doses and contain the correct dosage.
If you see anything inside the vial that should not be there do not use the vaccine. The vaccine manufacturer's instructions tell you how the vaccine should look.
Minimize the risk of using a less potent vaccine on patients by understanding how to store the vial and how long the vaccine can be used once opened.
Do not use a needle or syringe if you are unsure whether or not they are sterile.
Allow the alcohol to dry to kill any germs, bacteria and fungus.
Open the vial by sticking it with the needle. In the designated label space, write the date and time first opened, as the vial can only be used for a limited time as outlined in the manufacturer's instructions.
Due to cross-contamination risk, do not use multiple vials to fill one dose.
Strict infection control practices prevent this from happening; however, should it occur, exposed patients must be tested to ensure no infection spread, and periodic follow-up may be recommended.
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