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Practical Aspects of Otolaryngologic Clinical Services During the 2019 Novel Coronavirus EpidemicAn Experience in Hong Kong

Educational Objective
Review Otolaryngologic Clinical Services impacts COVID-19 Epidemic
1 Credit CME

The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) with an epidemic centered in Wuhan, China, was declared a public health emergency on January 20, 2020, by the World Health Organization and a public health emergency by the US on January 31, 2020. A total of 28 130 cases in mainland China and 22 cases in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) have been confirmed as of February 6, 2020, with a reported epidemic doubling time of 6.4 days.1 The early reported mortality rate of 4.3%2 appears to be lower than that of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome, but this initial figure is believed likely to be an underestimation, as most of the confirmed patients are still inpatients, and their condition is not yet resolved.

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Article Information

Corresponding Authors: Jason Y. K. Chan, MBBS, Room 84026, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong SAR (jasonchan@ent.cuhk.edu.hk); Wayne Lam, MBBS, Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, the University of Hong Kong, Pok Fu Lam, Hong Kong SAR (waynelam.urology@gmail.com).

Published Online: March 20, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0488

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.

References
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2.
Wang  D, Hu  B, Hu  C,  et al.  Clinical characteristics of 138 hospitalized patients with 2019 novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia in Wuhan, China.  JAMA. Published online February 7, 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.1585PubMedGoogle Scholar
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Chan  PK, Ip  M, Ng  KC,  et al.  Severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus infection.  Emerg Infect Dis. 2003;9(11):1453-1454. doi:10.3201/eid0911.030421PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
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Drosten  C, Günther  S, Preiser  W,  et al.  Identification of a novel coronavirus in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome.  N Engl J Med. 2003;348(20):1967-1976. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa030747PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
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Centre for Health Protection. Recommended personal protective equipment (PPE) in hospitals/clinics under serious/ emergency response level. Accessed February 8, 2020. https://www.chp.gov.hk/files/pdf/recommended_ppe_for_nid_eng.pdf
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Li  Q, Guan  X, Wu  P,  et al.  Early transmission dynamics in Wuhan, China, of novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia.  N Engl J Med. Published online January 29, 2020. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa2001316PubMedGoogle Scholar
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