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Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and Mental Health for Children and Adolescents

Educational Objective
To understand the affect COVID-19 is having on the mental health of children and adolescents
1 Credit CME

States and localities are taking unprecedented steps to respond to the public health threat posed by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Among the measures intended to promote social distancing, many schools have been closed and classes shifted to home-based distance-learning models. The first school closures began in mid-March 2020 and some states have already closed schools for the rest of the academic year. Nearly all of the 55 million students in kindergarten through 12th grade in the US are affected by these closures. School closures substantially disrupt the lives of students and their families and may have consequences for child health. As such, we must consider the potential associations school closures have with children’s well-being and what can be done to mitigate them.

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Article Information

Corresponding Author: Ezra Golberstein, PhD, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Division of Health Policy and Management, 420 Delaware St, SE, MMC 729, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (egolber@umn.edu).

Published Online: April 14, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1456

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.

References
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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Data and statistics on children's mental health. Accessed March 27, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/childrensmentalhealth/data.html
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Lipari  RN , Hedden  S , Blau  G , Rubenstein  L .  Adolescent Mental Health Service Use and Reasons For Using Services in Specialty, Educational, and General Medical Settings: the CBHSQ Report: May 5, 2016. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration; 2016.
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Bashshur  RL , Shannon  GW , Bashshur  N , Yellowlees  PM .  The empirical evidence for telemedicine interventions in mental disorders.   Telemed J E Health. 2016;22(2):87-113. doi:10.1089/tmj.2015.0206PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
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Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Guidance to states and school systems on addressing mental health and substance use issues in schools. Accessed March 28, 2020. https://www.medicaid.gov/sites/default/files/Federal-Policy-Guidance/Downloads/cib20190701.pdf
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