Corresponding Author: Xavier Elharrar, MD, Service des Maladies Respiratoires, Centre Hospitalier d’Aix-en-Provence, Avenue des Tamaris, 13100 Aix-en-Provence, France (email@example.com).
Accepted for Publication: May 1, 2020.
Published Online: May 15, 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.8255
Author Contributions: Drs Elharrar and Trigui had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Drs Elharrar and Trigui served as co–first authors, each with equal contribution to the manuscript.
Concept and design: Elharrar, Trigui, Prud’homme.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Elharrar, Trigui, Dols, Prud’homme.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Dols.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Martinez.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Papazian reported receiving personal fees from Air Liquide and Merck Sharp & Dohme, grants from Sedana, and nonfinancial support from Medtronic, Lowenstein, and Hamilton outside the submitted work. No other disclosures were reported.
Additional Contributions: We thank Alaïs Giraud, MS, Clinical Research Department, Aix-en-Provence Hospital, for her contribution in the protocol submission and generating the data for this study. We thank Laurence Maulin, MD, Laurent Lefebvre, MD, and Pascal Granier, MD, as co-investigators (Centre Hospitalier d’Aix-en-Provence, France). Michael Aubourg, MSc, and Pierre Castel, MiM, provided English editing service. None of these individuals received compensation for their contributions.
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