The Deep Divisions Driving The COVID-19 Pandemic, Massive Unemployment, and Civil Unrest in the US | Health Disparities | JN Learning | AMA Ed Hub [Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]

COVID-19 Pandemic, Unemployment, and Civil UnrestUnderlying Deep Racial and Socioeconomic Divides

Educational Objective
To understand how COVID-19 is highlighting the racial and socioeconomic divides within the United States
1 Credit CME

More than 110 000 people have died in the US because of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, a pathogen that was unknown just 6 months ago. Ubiquitous fear and anxiety that accompanied the emergence of the new coronavirus led to widespread limits on physical contact in attempts to mitigate the spread of the virus. That in turn brought the US economy to a halt, resulting in more than 40 million people filing for unemployment, approximating numbers not seen since the Great Depression of the 1930s. In the past month, the killing of several unarmed black men and women—Ahmaud Arbery, Breonna Taylor, and George Floyd— has spurred widespread civil unrest, with night after night of demonstrations demanding reform of systems of policing that have disproportionately harmed black people for centuries.

Sign in to take quiz and track your certificates

Buy This Activity

JN Learning™ is the home for CME and MOC from the JAMA Network. Search by specialty or US state and earn AMA PRA Category 1 CME Credit™ from articles, audio, Clinical Challenges and more. Learn more about CME/MOC

Article Information

Corresponding Author: Sandro Galea, MD, DrPH, School of Public Health, Boston University, 715 Albany St, Boston, MA 02118 (sgalea@bu.edu).

Published Online: June 12, 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.11132

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Galea reported receiving consulting fees from Sharecare and Tivity Health. No other disclosures were reported.

References
1.
Perry  MJ . Explaining US income inequality by household demographics, 2018 update. American Enterprise Institute blog. September 11, 2019. Accessed January 15, 2020. https://www.aei.org/carpe-diem/explaining-us-income-inequality-by-household-demographics-2018-update/
2.
Gramlich  J. The gap between number of blacks and whites in prison narrows. FactTank. April 30, 2019. Accessed June 6, 2020. https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2019/04/30/shrinking-gap-between-number-of-blacks-and-whites-in-prison/
3.
 The Growing Gap in Life Expectancy by Income: Implications for Federal Programs and Policy Responses. National Academies Press; 2015. doi:10.17226/19015
4.
Mariotto  AB , Zou  Z , Johnson  CJ , Scoppa  S , Weir  HK , Huang  B .  Geographical, racial and socio-economic variation in life expectancy in the US and their impact on cancer relative survival.   PLoS One. 2018;13(7):e0201034. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0201034PubMedGoogle Scholar
5.
Kothari  CL , Paul  R , Dormitorio  B ,  et al.  The interplay of race, socioeconomic status and neighborhood residence upon birth outcomes in a high black infant mortality community.   SSM Popul Health. 2016;2:859-867. doi:10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.09.011PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
6.
Kamal  R. How does U.S. life expectancy compare to other countries? Peterson-KFF Health System Tracker website. Accessed June 6, 2020. https://www.healthsystemtracker.org/chart-collection/u-s-life-expectancy-compare-countries/#item-le_life-expectancy-at-birth-in-years-2017_dec-2019-update
7.
Wadhera  RK , Wadhera  P , Gaba  P ,  et al.  Variation in COVID-19 hospitalizations and deaths across New York City boroughs.   JAMA. 2020;323(21):2192-2195. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.7197PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
8.
Spievack  N , Gonzalez  J , Brown  S . Latinx unemployment is highest of all racial and ethnic groups for the first time on record. Urban Wire blog. May 8, 2020. Accessed June 7, 2020. https://www.urban.org/urban-wire/latinx-unemployment-highest-all-racial-and-ethnic-groups-first-time-record
If you are not a JN Learning subscriber, you can either:
Subscribe to JN Learning for one year
Buy this activity
jn-learning_Modal_Multimedia_LoginSubscribe_Purchase
Close
If you are not a JN Learning subscriber, you can either:
Subscribe to JN Learning for one year
Buy this activity
jn-learning_Modal_Multimedia_LoginSubscribe_Purchase
Close
With a personal account, you can:
  • Access free activities and track your credits
  • Personalize content alerts
  • Customize your interests
  • Fully personalize your learning experience
Education Center Collection Sign In Modal Right
Close

Name Your Search

Save Search
Close
With a personal account, you can:
  • Track your credits
  • Personalize content alerts
  • Customize your interests
  • Fully personalize your learning experience
jn-learning_Modal_SaveSearch_NoAccess_Purchase
Close

Lookup An Activity

or

Close

My Saved Searches

You currently have no searches saved.

Close
With a personal account, you can:
  • Access free activities and track your credits
  • Personalize content alerts
  • Customize your interests
  • Fully personalize your learning experience
Education Center Collection Sign In Modal Right
Close