Accepted for Publication: June 25, 2020.
Published: July 23, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.16099
Open Access: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY License. © 2020 Rubin D et al. JAMA Network Open.
Corresponding Author: David Rubin, MD, MSCE, Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Roberts Building, 2716 South Street, Suite 10123, Philadelphia, PA (email@example.com).
Author Contributions: Dr Rubin had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Concept and design: Rubin, Huang, Gasparrini, Tam, Griffis, Crammer, Tasian.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Rubin, Huang, Fisher, Gasparrini, Song, Wang, Kaufman, Fitzpatrick, Jain, Griffis, Tasian.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Rubin, Huang, Fisher, Gasparrini, Tam, Griffis, Crammer, Morris, Tasian.
Statistical analysis: Rubin, Huang, Gasparrini, Song, Wang, Crammer, Morris.
Obtained funding: Huang.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Rubin, Huang, Fisher, Tam, Wang, Kaufman, Jain, Griffis, Tasian.
Supervision: Rubin, Huang, Fisher, Tasian.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Fisher reported receiving grants from Pfizer and Merck and receiving personal fees from Astellas outside the submitted work. Dr Crammer reported receiving grants from the Israel Science Foundation outside the submitted work. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: Dr Gasparrini is supported by grant MR/M022625/1 from the Medical Research Council UK, grant NE/R009384/1 from the Natural Environment Research Council UK, and grant 820655 from the European Union Horizon 2020 Project Exhaustion. Dr. Huang is supported by the National Institutes of Health under award number 1R01HD099348 and the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute under award number ME-2018C3_14899. Dr. Morris is supported through grant R01-CA-178744 from the National Institutes of Health.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
E , Altman
DG , Egger
M , Pocock
SJ , Gøtzsche
PC , Vandenbroucke
JP ; STROBE Initiative. The Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) statement: guidelines for reporting observational studies. J Clin Epidemiol
. 2008;61(4):344-349. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2007.11.008PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
S , Hirsch
JS , Narasimhan
et al; and the Northwell COVID-19 Research Consortium. Presenting characteristics, comorbidities, and outcomes among 5700 patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in the New York City area. JAMA
. 2020;323(20):2052-2059. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.6775PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
HJ . The Nadaraya–Watson kernel regression function estimator. In: Topics in Advanced Econometrics
. New York: Cambridge University Press; 1994:212-247. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511599279.011
GE , Pulido
JE , Gasparrini
et al; Urologic Diseases in America Project. Daily mean temperature and clinical kidney stone presentation in five U.S. metropolitan areas: a time-series analysis. Environ Health Perspect
. 2014;122(10):1081-1087. doi:10.1289/ehp.1307703PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
AM , Goldfarb
DS , Kopp
RE , Song
L , Tasian
GE . Sex differences in the temperature dependence of kidney stone presentations: a population-based aggregated case-crossover study. Urolithiasis
. 2020;48(1):37-46. doi:10.1007/s00240-019-01129-xPubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
P , Doolan
C , de Silva
C , Chughtai
AA , Bourouiba
L , MacIntyre
CR . Airborne or droplet precautions for health workers treating coronavirus disease 2019? J Infect Dis
. Published April 16, 2020. doi:10.1093/infdis/jiaa189Google Scholar
CR , Sah
P , Moghadas
et al. Impact of international travel and border control measures on the global spread of the novel 2019 coronavirus outbreak. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
. 2020;117(13):7504-7509. doi:10.1073/pnas.2002616117PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref