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The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices and Its Role in the Pandemic Vaccine Response

Educational Objective
To understand to role of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices during COVID-19
1 Credit CME

More than 3.7 million infections and more than 140 000 deaths due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have occurred in the US in the past 6 months. As case counts continue to increase, robust vaccine development efforts unprecedented in scale and speed are being pursued. More than 130 COVID-19 vaccines are in preclinical development using a variety of established and new platforms, and 17 candidate vaccines are undergoing evaluation in clinical trials in the US, Europe, and China.1 The US government has invested in the development of 5 vaccines as part of Operation Warp Speed.2 On June 25, the Chinese government approved the first COVID-19 vaccine (Ad5-nCoV) for use in the military population.

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Article Information

Corresponding Author: Grace M. Lee, MD, MPH, Stanford University School of Medicine, 300 Pasteur Dr, H306-A, Stanford, CA 94305 (gmlee@stanfordchildrens.org).

Published Online: July 22, 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.13167

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Drs Lee, Bell, and Romero are members of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. No other disclosures were reported.

References
1.
World Health Organization. Draft landscape of COVID-19 candidate vaccines. Accessed June 29, 2020. https://www.who.int/publications/m/item/draft-landscape-of-covid-19-candidate-vaccines
2.
O’Callaghan  KP , Blatz  AM , Offit  PA .  Developing a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine at warp speed.   JAMA. Published online July 6, 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.12190PubMedGoogle Scholar
3.
Smith  JC , Snider  DE , Pickering  LK .  Immunization policy development in the United States: the role of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices.   Ann Intern Med. 2009;150(1):45-49. doi:10.7326/0003-4819-150-1-200901060-00009PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
4.
Lee  G , Carr  W .  Updated framework for development of evidence-based recommendations by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices.   MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2018;67(45):1271-1272. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6745a4PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
5.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. COVID-19 in racial and ethnic minority groups. Accessed June 28, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/racial-ethnic-minorities.html
6.
Yoo  BK , Kasajima  M , Phelps  CE , Fiscella  K , Bennett  NM , Szilagyi  PG .  Influenza vaccine supply and racial/ethnic disparities in vaccination among the elderly.   Am J Prev Med. 2011;40(1):1-10. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2010.09.028PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
7.
Food and Drug Administration; Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research. Development and licensure of vaccines to prevent COVID-19. Accessed July 2, 2020. https://www.fda.gov/regulatory-information/search-fda-guidance-documents/development-and-licensure-vaccines-prevent-covid-19
8.
Schaffer DeRoo  S , Pudalov  NJ , Fu  LY .  Planning for a COVID-19 vaccination program.   JAMA. 2020;323(24):2458-2459. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.8711 PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
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