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Reopening K-12 Schools During the COVID-19 PandemicA Report From the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

Educational Objective
To understand the risks that must be considered before reopening K-12 schools during a COVID-19 pandemic
1 Credit CME

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has presented unprecedented challenges to the nation’s kindergarten-grade 12 education system.1 The rush to respond to the pandemic led to closures of school buildings across the country, with little time to ensure continuity of instruction or to create a framework for deciding when and how to reopen schools. States and school districts are now grappling with the complex questions of whether and how to reopen school buildings in the context of rapidly changing patterns of community spread.

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CME Disclosure Statement: Unless noted, all individuals in control of content reported no relevant financial relationships. If applicable, all relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.

Article Information

Corresponding Author: Kenne A. Dibner, PhD, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, 500 Fifth St NW, Washington, DC 20001 (kdibner@nas.edu).

Published Online: July 29, 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.14745

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.

Funding/Support: The study was funded by the Brady Education Foundation and the Spencer Foundation.

Role of the Funders/Sponsors: The Brady Education Foundation and the Spencer Foundation had no role in the preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript or decision to submit the manuscript for publication.

Additional Information: The report Reopening K-12 Schools During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Prioritizing Health, Equity, and Communities was produced by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The authors of this Viewpoint were the study director (Dr Dibner), director of the Board on Science Education (Dr Schweingruber), and a member of the study committee (Dr Christakis).

References
1.
Sharfstein  JM , Morphew  CC .  The urgency and challenge of opening K-12 schools in the fall of 2020.   JAMA. 2020;324(2):133-134. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.10175PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
2.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.  Reopening K-12 Schools During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Prioritizing Health, Equity, and Communities. National Academies Press; 2020.
3.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.  Shaping Summertime Experiences: Opportunities to Promote Healthy Development and Well-Being for Children and Youth. National Academies Press; 2019.
4.
National Research Council.  Preventing Reading Difficulties in Young Children. National Academies Press; 1998.
5.
US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guidance for schools and child care: plan, prepare, and respond to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Accessed July 23, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/schools-childcare/guidance-for-schools.html
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