Accepted for Publication: June 10, 2020.
Corresponding Author: Naomi M. Simon, MD, MSc, Department of Psychiatry, NYU Grossman School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016 (email@example.com).
Published Online: August 12, 2020. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.2496
Author Contributions: Drs Simon and Hofmann contributed equally to this work. Drs Simon and Hofmann had full access to all the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Concept and design: Simon, Hofmann, Rosenfield, Hoge, Khalsa.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Simon, Hofmann, Rosenfield, Hoeppner, Hoge, Bui.
Drafting of the manuscript: Simon, Hofmann, Rosenfield, Khalsa.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Hofmann, Rosenfield, Hoeppner.
Obtained funding: Simon, Hofmann, Rosenfield, Khalsa.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Simon, Hofmann, Hoeppner, Hoge, Bui, Khalsa.
Supervision: Simon, Hofmann, Hoge, Bui, Khalsa.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Simon reported receiving grants from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) during the conduct of the study; receiving grants from the US Department of Defense, American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute, Highland Street Foundation, and Janssen; receiving personal fees from Vanda, Axovant Sciences, Springworks, Praxis Therapeutics, Aptinyx, Genomind, Wiley, and the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Psychiatry Academy; performing grant reviews for American Foundation for Suicide Prevention; receiving royalties for UpToDate contributions from Wolters Kluwyer; and having spousal stock from G1 Therapeutics outside the submitted work. Dr Hofman reported receiving grants from the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), NIH during the conduct of the study. Dr Rosenfield reported receiving grants and personal fees from the NCCIH, NIH during the conduct of the study. Dr Hoeppner reported receiving grants from the NCCIH, NIH and nonfinancial support from Mark Pollack during the conduct of the study and receiving grants from the American Cancer Society, the Executive Committee on Research at MGH, Telefonica Alpha Inc, and National Institute on Drug Abuse outside the submitted work. Dr Hoge reported receiving grants from the NIH during the conduct of the study. Dr Bui reported receiving grants from the NIH during the conduct of the study and receiving royalties from Springer and grants from the US Department of Defense, Osher Center for Integrative Medicine, and Elizabeth Dole Foundation outside the submitted work. Dr Khalsa reported receiving grants from the NCCIH, NIH during the conduct of the study; receiving grants and personal fees from Kundalini Research Institute and grants from Kripalu Center for Yoga & Health outside the submitted work; and being a practitioner and certified instructor in Kundalini yoga as taught by Yogi Bhajan.
Funding/Support: This study was funded by grants 1R01AT007258 and 1R01AT007257 from the NCCIH, NIH (Drs Simon and Hofmann).
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The NCCIH representatives gave feedback on the design and conduct of the study before study initiation and used a study monitor during the study. The NCCIH played no role in the collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Data Sharing Statement: See Supplement 3.
Additional Contributions: We thank the practitioners, raters, research assistants, and study participants involved in this trial.
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