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COVID-19 Testing and Cases in Immigration Detention Centers, April-August 2020

Educational Objective
To identify the key insights or developments described in this article
1 Credit CME

Individuals detained by US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) live in congregate settings, and thus have a disproportionately high risk of contracting coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). To reduce spread of COVID-19, ICE published its Pandemic Response Requirements in April 2020. These requirements established social distancing and disinfection protocols, testing guidelines, and expedited detainee release. This analysis examined COVID-19 testing and cases per month among ICE detainees.

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Article Information

Corresponding Author: Katherine R. Peeler, MD, Boston Children’s Hospital, 300 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115 (katherine.peeler@childrens.harvard.edu).

Accepted for Publication: October 13, 2020.

Published Online: October 29, 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.21473

Author Contributions: Mr Erfani and Dr Peeler had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

Concept and design: Erfani, Uppal, Lee, Peeler.

Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.

Drafting of the manuscript: Erfani, Uppal, Lee, Peeler.

Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.

Statistical analysis: Erfani, Uppal.

Administrative, technical, or material support: Erfani, Uppal, Lee, Mishori.

Supervision: Peeler.

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Mishori reported being a senior medical advisor to Physicians for Human Rights. Dr Peeler reported being an unpaid medical expert for Physicians for Human Rights. No other disclosures were reported.

References
1.
US Immigration and Customs Enforcement. ICE guidance on COVID-19. Accessed August 31, 2020. https://www.ice.gov/coronavirus
2.
The COVID Tracking Project. US historical data. Accessed August 31, 2020. https://covidtracking.com/data/national
3.
US Census Bureau. US and world population clock. Accessed August 31, 2020. https://www.census.gov/popclock/
4.
US Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Detention management. Accessed August 31, 2020. https://www.ice.gov/detention-management
5.
Office of Inspector General. Early experiences with COVID-19 at ICE detention facilities. Published June 18, 2020. Accessed August 31, 2020. https://www.oig.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/assets/2020-06/OIG-20-42-Jun20.pdf
6.
Hagan  LM , Williams  SP , Spaulding  AC ,  et al. Mass testing for SARS-CoV-2 in 16 prisons and jails—six jurisdictions, United States, April-May 2020. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Published August 21, 2020. Accessed August 31, 2020. https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6933a3.htm
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