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Diversity in Medical SchoolsA Much-Needed New Beginning

Educational Objective
To understand the necessity for medical schools to add to the diversity of their students in order to improve public health
1 Credit CME

The disproportionate effect of the novel coronavirus on African Americans and communities of color has shone a new light on the more than century-old struggle to increase the number of Black physicians in the US. Today, according to the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), Black physicians account for 5% of all physicians even though African Americans comprise 13% of the US population. Only 1626 (7.4%) of the 21 863 students who entered medical school in 2019 were Black, roughly the same ratio as the last 15 years.1

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Article Information

Corresponding Author: Valerie Montgomery Rice, MD, Morehouse School of Medicine, 720 Westview Dr, Atlanta, GA 30310 (vmrice@msm.edu).

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.

References
1.
Association of American Medical Colleges. AAMC Facts: Table A-9: Matriculants to US Medical Schools by Race, Selected Combinations of Race/Ethnicity and Sex, 2017-2018 Through 2020-2021. Published 2020. Accessed December 2, 2020. https://www.aamc.org/system/files/2020-10/2020_FACTS_Table_A-9.pdf
2.
Campbell  KM , Corral  I , Infante Linares  JL , Tumin  D .  Projected estimates of African American medical graduates of closed historically Black medical schools.   JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(8):e2015220. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.15220PubMedGoogle Scholar
3.
Liaison Committee on Medical Education. Accredited MD programs in the United States. Updated October 20, 2020. Accessed December 2, 2020. https://lcme.org/directory/accredited-u-s-programs/
4.
Association of American Medical Colleges. AAMC Facts: Table B-5.1: Total Enrollment by US Medical School and Race/Ethnicity (Alone), 2020-2021. Published 2020. Accessed December 2, 2020. https://www.aamc.org/system/files/2020-11/2020_FACTS_Table_B-5.1.pdf
5.
Association of American Medical Colleges. Using MCAT Data in 2021 Medical Student Selection. Published 2020. Accessed December 2, 2020. https://www.aamc.org/system/files/2020-07/services_mcat_using-mcat-data-in-2021-medical-student-selection-guide_07082020_0.pdf
6.
Elks  ML , Herbert-Carter  J , Smith  M , Klement  B , Knight  BB , Anachebe  NF .  Shifting the curve: fostering academic success in a diverse student body.   Acad Med. 2018;93(1):66-70. doi:10.1097/ACM.0000000000001783PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
7.
Association of American Medical Colleges. AAMC Applicant Matriculant Data File as of August 13, 2020. Association of American Medical Colleges; 2020.
8.
Greenwood  BN , Hardeman  RR , Huang  L , Sojourner  A .  Physician-patient racial concordance and disparities in birthing mortality for newborns.   Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020;117(35):21194-21200. doi:10.1073/pnas.1913405117PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
9.
National Center for Education Statistics. Table 313.20: Fall Enrollment in Degree-Granting Historically Black Colleges and Universities, by Sex of Student and Level and Control of Institution: Selected Years, 1976 Through 2018. Accessed December 2, 2020. https://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d18/tables/dt18_313.20.asp
10.
Association of American Medical Colleges. National AAMC Special Report on the Number of All HBCU Graduates Who Applied, Matriculated, and Graduated From US Medical Schools [1988-2017]. Association of American Medical Colleges; 2018.
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