Corresponding Author: Caroline E. Reinke, MD, MSHP, Carolinas Medical Center, 1025 Morehead Medical Plaza, Ste 300, Charlotte, NC 28204 (email@example.com).
Accepted for Publication: October 23, 2020.
Published Online: January 13, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2020.6265
Author Contributions: Ms Kaiser and Dr Zhao had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Concept and design: Harkey, Zhao, Matthews, Kelz, Reinke.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Harkey, Kaiser, Zhao, Hetherington, Gutnik, Kelz, Reinke.
Drafting of the manuscript: Harkey, Kaiser, Reinke.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Harkey, Zhao, Hetherington, Gutnik, Matthews, Kelz, Reinke.
Statistical analysis: Zhao.
Obtained funding: Reinke.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Harkey, Kaiser, Hetherington, Gutnik, Reinke.
Supervision: Harkey, Matthews, Kelz, Reinke.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Kelz reported research funding from the National Institutes of Health. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This work was funded by the American College of Surgeons Franklin H. Martin Faculty Research Fellowship.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funding source had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Data Sharing Statement: See Supplement 2.
Additional Contributions: We thank the Carolinas Center for Surgical Outcomes Science and Acute Care Surgery research teams who participated in approaching and enrolling patients; Charity Patterson, PhD, University of Pittsburgh, who assisted in initial study design and power analysis; surgical colleagues in the Acute Care Surgery Division and General Surgery Section; Mike Inman, Atrium Health, who provided travel time analysis; and data safety monitoring board members who participated in ensuring study safety. No compensation from a funding source was received for these contributions.
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