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Association of Home Quarantine and Mental Health Among Teenagers in Wuhan, China, During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Educational Objective
To identify the key insights or developments described in this article
1 Credit CME

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) broke out in Wuhan, China, in late 2019, and has become a pandemic.1 Unprecedented quarantine was imposed in Wuhan from January 23, 2020, to April 8, 2020, and all schools were closed. Mental health associated with the quarantine is of great concern, especially for adolescents. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of depression and anxiety and their associations with lifestyle changes among adolescents in Wuhan.

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Article Information

Corresponding Author: Jiwei Wang, PhD, School of Public Health, Fudan University, No.130, Dong’an Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai, China 200030 (jiweiwang@fudan.edu.cn).

Accepted for Publication: July 29, 2020.

Published Online: January 19, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5499

Author Contributions: Drs Jiang and J. Wang had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Drs Li and Zhang contributed equally.

Concept and design: Li, J. Wang, Ozaki, Jiang.

Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Li, Zhang, J. Wang, Q. Wang, Chen, Jiang.

Drafting of the manuscript: Li, Zhang, J. Wang, Jiang.

Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.

Statistical analysis: Li, Zhang, J. Wang.

Obtained funding: J. Wang.

Administrative, technical, or material support: Li, J. Wang, Jiang.

Supervision: J. Wang, Jiang.

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Drs Ozaki receives personal fees from the Medical Network Systems (MNES) outside the submitted work. No other disclosures were reported.

Funding/Support: This study was supported by the Shanghai Health and Planning Commission’s fourth round of public health 3-year action plan (project 15GWZK1001) and the Independent Innovation Research Foundation of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Humanities and Social Sciences) (project 2017WKYXQY009).

Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.

Additional Contributions: We thank Jinming Yu, PhD (School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China), for assistance in the original study design. We would like to acknowledge assistance from Tetsuya Tanimoto, MD (Medical Governance Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan), Yasuhiro Kotera, MA (University of Derby, Kedleston Road, Derby, United Kingdom), and Toyoaki Sawano, MD (Sendai City Medical Center, Sendai, Miyagi, 983-0824, Japan), in writing and revising the manuscript. These individuals were not compensated.

References
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Ciprandi  G , Schiavetti  I , Rindone  E , Ricciardolo  FL .  The impact of anxiety and depression on outpatients with asthma.   Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2015;115(5):408-414. doi:10.1016/j.anai.2015.08.007PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
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Brooks  SK , Webster  RK , Smith  LE ,  et al.  The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence.   Lancet. 2020;395(10227):912-920. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
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