Corresponding Author: Farin Amersi, MD, Department of Surgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Blvd, #8215NT, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Accepted for Publication: March 4, 2021.
Published Online: April 30, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2021.1978
Author Contributions: Dr Amersi had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Concept and design: Purdy, de Virgilio, Shields Frey, Neville, Donahue, Calhoun, Spain, Amersi.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Purdy, de Virgilio, Kaji, Shields Frey, Lee-Kong, Inaba, Gauvin, Neville, Smith, Salcedo, Calhoun, Poola, Namm, Spain, Dickinson, Tanner, Wolfe, Amersi.
Drafting of the manuscript: Purdy, de Virgilio, Tanner, Amersi.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Purdy, de Virgilio, Kaji, Shields Frey, Lee-Kong, Inaba, Gauvin, Neville, Donahue, Smith, Salcedo, Calhoun, Poola, Namm, Spain, Dickinson, Wolfe, Amersi.
Statistical analysis: Kaji.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Purdy, Shields Frey, Lee-Kong, Gauvin, Neville, Donahue, Smith, Namm, Spain, Dickinson, Tanner.
Supervision: de Virgilio, Shields Frey, Calhoun, Poola, Amersi.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Smith reports personal fees from Stryker Endoscopy outside the submitted work. No other disclosures were reported.
Disclaimer: Dr Kaji is Statistical Editor of JAMA Surgery but was not involved in any of the decisions regarding review of the manuscript or its acceptance.
Meeting Presentation: This study was accepted for presentation at the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Pacific Coast Surgical Association that was planned for February 18-20, 2021, in Monterey, California. However, owing to the COVID-19 pandemic, the meeting was canceled.
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