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Humanism Before Heroism in Medicine

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Article Information

Corresponding Author: Urmimala Sarkar, MD, MPH, Division of General Internal Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, PO Box 1364, SFGH Bldg 10, Ward 13, San Francisco, CA 94143-1364 (Urmimala.Sarkar@ucsf.edu).

Published Online: June 10, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.9569

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Cassel reported being the co-chair of the National Academy of Medicine report Taking Action Against Clinician Burnout: A Systems Approach to Professional Well-Being. No other disclosures were reported.

References
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Bauchner  H , Easley  TJ ; entire editorial and publishing staff of JAMA and the JAMA Network.  Health care heroes of the COVID-19 pandemic.   JAMA. 2020;323(20):2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.6197PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
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Remnick  D . Sunday reading: the heroic work of doctors and health workers. The New Yorker. March 29, 2020. Accessed April 23, 2021. https://www.newyorker.com/books/double-take/sunday-reading-the-heroic-work-of-doctors-and-health-workers
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Peng  J , Clarkin  C , Doja  A .  Uncovering cynicism in medical training: a qualitative analysis of medical online discussion forums.   BMJ Open. 2018;8(10):e022883. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022883PubMedGoogle Scholar
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Reiss-Brennan  B , Brunisholz  KD , Dredge  C ,  et al.  Association of integrated team-based care with health care quality, utilization, and cost.   JAMA. 2016;316(8):826-834. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11232PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
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Ofri  D . The business of health care depends on exploiting doctors and nurses. New York Times. June 8, 2019. Accessed May 24, 2021. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/08/opinion/sunday/hospitals-doctors-nurses-burnout.html
6.
Taking Action Against Clinician Burnout: A Systems Approach to Professional Well-Being. National Academies Press; 2019. Accessed April 5, 2021. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK552613/
7.
Mourad  MS .  Donning and doffing.   JAMA. 2021;325(6):536. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.26468PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
8.
Moutier  CY , Myers  MF , Feist  JB , Feist  JC , Zisook  S .  Preventing clinician suicide: a call to action during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond.   Acad Med. 2021;96(5):624-628. doi:10.1097/ACM.0000000000003972PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
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2021 Physician burnout and suicide report. Medscape. Published 2021. Accessed May 21, 2021. https://www.medscape.com/sites/public/lifestyle/2021
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