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Self-reported Memory Problems 8 Months After COVID-19 Infection

Educational Objective
To identify the key insights or developments described in this article
1 Credit CME

COVID-19 is an airway disease that also affects the nervous system.1 Therefore, neurological and neurocognitive symptoms may be a part of the postacute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection (PASC) syndrome. PASC may be found to affect a high proportion of people who had mild cases of COVID-19, and there is an urgent need for a detailed description of PASC in nonhospitalized patients.2,3 This cohort study examines self-reported memory problems 8 months after COVID-19 infection.

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CME Disclosure Statement: Unless noted, all individuals in control of content reported no relevant financial relationships. If applicable, all relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.

Article Information

Accepted for Publication: May 21, 2021.

Published: July 29, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.18717

Open Access: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY License. © 2021 Søraas A et al. JAMA Network Open.

Corresponding Author: Arne Søraas, PhD, Department of Microbiology, Oslo University Hospital, Pb 4950, 0424 Oslo, Norway (arvsoe@ous-hf.no).

Author Contributions: Dr Søraas had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

Concept and design: Søraas, Bø, Kalleberg.

Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.

Drafting of the manuscript: Søraas, Kalleberg.

Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.

Statistical analysis: Søraas, Støer.

Administrative, technical, or material support: Søraas, Kalleberg.

Supervision: Søraas, Ellingjord-Dale.

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Søraas reported being an employee and shareholder at Age Labs outside of the submitted work. Dr Kalleberg reported receiving grants from the Norwegian Research Council during the conduct of the study and being a shareholder at Age Labs outside of the submitted work. No other disclosures were reported.

Additional Contributions: We thank Eyvind Axelsen, PhD; Andreas Lind, MD, PhD; Roar Bævre-Jensen, MD; and Silje Bakken Jørgensen, MD, PhD for contributing to the participant recruitment in this study. We also thank Mette Istre, MSc, for her contribution to establishing the cohort. Written permissions to include these nonauthors have been obtained and no one was compensated for their work.

Additional Information: The manuscript has been published on a preprint server.

References
1.
Kandemirli  SG , Dogan  L , Sarikaya  ZT ,  et al.  Brain MRI findings in patients in the intensive care unit with COVID-19 infection.   Radiology. 2020;297(1):E232-E235. doi:10.1148/radiol.2020201697PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
2.
Norton  A , Olliaro  P , Sigfrid  L ,  et al; ISARIC and GloPID-R Long COVID Forum Working Group.  Long COVID: tackling a multifaceted condition requires a multidisciplinary approach.   Lancet Infect Dis. 2021;21(5):601-602. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(21)00043-8PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
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Munblit  D , Bobkova  P , Spiridonova  E ,  et al.  Risk factors for long-term consequences of COVID-19 in hospitalised adults in Moscow using the ISARIC Global follow-up protocol: StopCOVID cohort study.   medRxiv. 2021:2021.2002.2017.21251895. doi:10.1101/2021.02.17.21251895Google Scholar
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Kjetland  EF , Kalleberg  KT , Søraas  CL ,  et al.  Risk factors for community transmission of SARS-CoV-2: a cross-sectional study in 116,678 people.   medRxiv. 2020:2020.2012.2023.20248514. doi:10.1101/2020.12.23.20248514Google Scholar
5.
Landrø  NI , Fors  EA , Våpenstad  LL , Holthe  Ø , Stiles  TC , Borchgrevink  PC .  The extent of neurocognitive dysfunction in a multidisciplinary pain centre population: is there a relation between reported and tested neuropsychological functioning?   Pain. 2013;154(7):972-977. doi:10.1016/j.pain.2013.01.013PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
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Reisberg  B , Shulman  MB , Torossian  C , Leng  L , Zhu  W .  Outcome over seven years of healthy adults with and without subjective cognitive impairment.   Alzheimers Dement. 2010;6(1):11-24. doi:10.1016/j.jalz.2009.10.002PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
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