[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]

Global Prevalence of Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms in Children and Adolescents During COVID-19A Meta-analysis

Educational Objective
To identify the key insights or developments described in this article
1 Credit CME
Key Points

Question  What is the global prevalence of clinically elevated child and adolescent anxiety and depression symptoms during COVID-19?

Findings  In this meta-analysis of 29 studies including 80 879 youth globally, the pooled prevalence estimates of clinically elevated child and adolescent depression and anxiety were 25.2% and 20.5%, respectively. The prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms during COVID-19 have doubled, compared with prepandemic estimates, and moderator analyses revealed that prevalence rates were higher when collected later in the pandemic, in older adolescents, and in girls.

Meaning  The global estimates of child and adolescent mental illness observed in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic in this study indicate that the prevalence has significantly increased, remains high, and therefore warrants attention for mental health recovery planning.


Importance  Emerging research suggests that the global prevalence of child and adolescent mental illness has increased considerably during COVID-19. However, substantial variability in prevalence rates have been reported across the literature.

Objective  To ascertain more precise estimates of the global prevalence of child and adolescent clinically elevated depression and anxiety symptoms during COVID-19; to compare these rates with prepandemic estimates; and to examine whether demographic (eg, age, sex), geographical (ie, global region), or methodological (eg, pandemic data collection time point, informant of mental illness, study quality) factors explained variation in prevalence rates across studies.

Data Sources  Four databases were searched (PsycInfo, Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials) from January 1, 2020, to February 16, 2021, and unpublished studies were searched in PsycArXiv on March 8, 2021, for studies reporting on child/adolescent depression and anxiety symptoms. The search strategy combined search terms from 3 themes: (1) mental illness (including depression and anxiety), (2) COVID-19, and (3) children and adolescents (age ≤18 years). For PsycArXiv, the key terms COVID-19, mental health, and child/adolescent were used.

Study Selection  Studies were included if they were published in English, had quantitative data, and reported prevalence of clinically elevated depression or anxiety in youth (age ≤18 years).

Data Extraction and Synthesis  A total of 3094 nonduplicate titles/abstracts were retrieved, and 136 full-text articles were reviewed. Data were analyzed from March 8 to 22, 2021.

Main Outcomes and Measures  Prevalence rates of clinically elevated depression and anxiety symptoms in youth.

Results  Random-effect meta-analyses were conducted. Twenty-nine studies including 80 879 participants met full inclusion criteria. Pooled prevalence estimates of clinically elevated depression and anxiety symptoms were 25.2% (95% CI, 21.2%-29.7%) and 20.5% (95% CI, 17.2%-24.4%), respectively. Moderator analyses revealed that the prevalence of clinically elevated depression and anxiety symptoms were higher in studies collected later in the pandemic and in girls. Depression symptoms were higher in older children.

Conclusions and Relevance  Pooled estimates obtained in the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic suggest that 1 in 4 youth globally are experiencing clinically elevated depression symptoms, while 1 in 5 youth are experiencing clinically elevated anxiety symptoms. These pooled estimates, which increased over time, are double of prepandemic estimates. An influx of mental health care utilization is expected, and allocation of resources to address child and adolescent mental health concerns are essential.

Sign in to take quiz and track your certificates

Buy This Activity

JN Learning™ is the home for CME and MOC from the JAMA Network. Search by specialty or US state and earn AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ from articles, audio, Clinical Challenges and more. Learn more about CME/MOC

CME Disclosure Statement: Unless noted, all individuals in control of content reported no relevant financial relationships. If applicable, all relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.

Article Information

Corresponding Author: Sheri Madigan, PhD, RPsych, Department of Psychology University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada (sheri.madigan@ucalgary.ca).

Accepted for Publication: May 19, 2021.

Published Online: August 9, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.2482

Author Contributions: Drs Racine and Madigan had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

Concept and design: Racine, Madigan.

Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.

Drafting of the manuscript: Racine, McArthur, Eirich, Zhu, Madigan.

Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Racine, Cooke, Eirich, Madigan.

Statistical analysis: Racine, McArthur.

Administrative, technical, or material support: Madigan.

Supervision: Racine, Madigan.

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Racine reported fellowship support from Alberta Innovates. Dr McArthur reported a postdoctoral fellowship award from the Alberta Children’s Hospital Research Institute. Ms Cooke reported graduate scholarship support from Vanier Canada and Alberta Innovates Health Solutions outside the submitted work. Ms Eirich reported graduate scholarship support from the Social Science and Humanities Research Council. No other disclosures were reported.

Additional Contributions: We acknowledge Nicole Dunnewold, MLIS (Research and Learning Librarian, Health Sciences Library, University of Calgary), for her assistance with the search strategy, for which they were not compensated outside of their salary. We also acknowledge the contribution of members of the Determinants of Child Development Laboratory at the University of Calgary, in particular, Julianna Watt, BA, and Katarina Padilla, BSc, for their contribution to data extraction, for which they were paid as research assistants.

Tiirikainen  K , Haravuori  H , Ranta  K , Kaltiala-Heino  R , Marttunen  M .  Psychometric properties of the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) in a large representative sample of Finnish adolescents.   Psychiatry Res. 2019;272:30-35. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.004PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Lu  W .  Adolescent depression: National trends, risk factors, and healthcare disparities.   Am J Health Behav. 2019;43(1):181-194. doi:10.5993/AJHB.43.1.15PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Lee  J .  Mental health effects of school closures during COVID-19.   Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2020;4(6):421. doi:10.1016/S2352-4642(20)30109-7PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Sprang  G , Silman  M .  Posttraumatic stress disorder in parents and youth after health-related disasters.   Disaster Med Public Health Prep. 2013;7(1):105-110. doi:10.1017/dmp.2013.22PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Brooks  SK , Webster  RK , Smith  LE ,  et al.  The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence.   Lancet. 2020;395(10227):912-920. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Loades  ME , Chatburn  E , Higson-Sweeney  N ,  et al.  Rapid systematic review: the impact of social isolation and loneliness on the mental health of children and adolescents in the context of COVID-19.   J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2020;59(11):1218-1239.e3. doi:10.1016/j.jaac.2020.05.009Google ScholarCrossref
Golberstein  E , Wen  H , Miller  BF .  Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and mental health for children and adolescents.   JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):819-820. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1456PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Racine  N , Cooke  JE , Eirich  R , Korczak  DJ , McArthur  B , Madigan  S .  Child and adolescent mental illness during COVID-19: a rapid review.   Psychiatry Res. 2020;292:113307. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113307PubMedGoogle Scholar
Singh  S , Roy  D , Sinha  K , Parveen  S , Sharma  G , Joshi  G .  Impact of COVID-19 and lockdown on mental health of children and adolescents: a narrative review with recommendations.   Psychiatry Res. 2020;293:113429. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113429PubMedGoogle Scholar
Zhang  L , Zhang  D , Fang  J , Wan  Y , Tao  F , Sun  Y .  Assessment of mental health of Chinese primary school students before and after school closing and opening during the COVID-19 pandemic.   JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(9):e2021482. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.21482PubMedGoogle Scholar
Hafstad  GS , Sætren  SS , Wentzel-Larsen  T , Augusti  E .  Adolescents’ symptoms of anxiety and depression before and during the Covid-19 outbreak: a prospective population-based study of teenagers in Norway.   Lancet Reg Health Eur. 2021;5:100093. doi:10.1016/j.lanepe.2021.100093Google Scholar
Yue  J , Zang  X , Le  Y , An  Y .  Anxiety, depression and PTSD among children and their parent during 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in China.   Curr Psychol. 2020;1-8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Giannopoulou  I , Efstathiou  V , Triantafyllou  G , Korkoliakou  P , Douzenis  A .  Adding stress to the stressed: senior high school students’ mental health amidst the COVID-19 nationwide lockdown in Greece.   Psychiatry Res. 2021;295:113560. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113560PubMedGoogle Scholar
Merikangas  KR , He  JP , Burstein  M ,  et al.  Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in U.S. adolescents: results from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication—Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A).   J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2010;49(10):980-989. doi:10.1016/j.jaac.2010.05.017PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
American Psychiatric Association.  Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 5th ed. American Psychiatric Association; 2013.
Courtney  D , Watson  P , Battaglia  M , Mulsant  BH , Szatmari  P .  COVID-19 impacts on child and youth anxiety and depression: challenges and opportunities.   Can J Psychiatry. 2020;65(10):688-691. doi:10.1177/0706743720935646PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Zhou  SJ , Zhang  LG , Wang  LL ,  et al.  Prevalence and socio-demographic correlates of psychological health problems in Chinese adolescents during the outbreak of COVID-19.   Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2020;29(6):749-758. doi:10.1007/s00787-020-01541-4PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Magson  NR , Freeman  JYA , Rapee  RM , Richardson  CE , Oar  EL , Fardouly  J .  Risk and protective factors for prospective changes in adolescent mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic.   J Youth Adolesc. 2021;50(1):44-57. doi:10.1007/s10964-020-01332-9PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Xie  X , Xue  Q , Zhou  Y ,  et al.  Mental health status among children in home confinement during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak in Hubei Province, China.   JAMA Pediatr. 2020;174(9):898-900. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.1619PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Duan  L , Shao  X , Wang  Y ,  et al.  An investigation of mental health status of children and adolescents in China during the outbreak of COVID-19.   J Affect Disord. 2020;275:112-118. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2020.06.029PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Pierce  M , McManus  S , Jessop  C ,  et al.  Says who? the significance of sampling in mental health surveys during COVID-19.   Lancet Psychiatry. 2020;7(7):567-568. doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30237-6PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Klein  R.   Parent-child agreement in clinical assessment of anxiety and other psychopathology: a review.   J Anxiety Disord. 1991;5(2):187-198. doi:10.1016/0887-6185(91)90028-RGoogle ScholarCrossref
Edelbrock  C , Costello  AJ , Dulcan  MK , Conover  NC , Kala  R .  Parent-child agreement on child psychiatric symptoms assessed via structured interview.   J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1986;27(2):181-190. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.1986.tb02282.xPubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Hawes  MT , Szenczy  AK , Olino  TM , Nelson  BD , Klein  DN .  Trajectories of depression, anxiety and pandemic experiences: a longitudinal study of youth in New York during the spring-summer of 2020.   Psychiatry Res. 2021;298:113778. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2021.113778PubMedGoogle Scholar
Cost  KT , Crosbie  J , Anagnostou  E ,  et al.  Mostly worse, occasionally better: impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of Canadian children and adolescents.   Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2021. doi:10.1007/s00787-021-01744-3PubMedGoogle Scholar
MacTavish  A , Mastronardi  C , Menna  R ,  et al.  The acute impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on children’s mental health in southwestern Ontario.  PsyArXiv. Preprint posted online September 19, 2020. doi:10.31234/osf.io/5cwb4
Moher  D , Liberati  A , Tetzlaff  J , Altman  DG ; PRISMA Group.  Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement.   PLoS Med. 2009;6(7):e1000097. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000097PubMedGoogle Scholar
Ebesutani  C , Bernstein  A , Martinez  JI , Chorpita  BF , Weisz  JR .  The youth self report: applicability and validity across younger and older youths.   J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2011;40(2):338-346. doi:10.1080/15374416.2011.546041PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Study quality assessment tools: quality assessment tool for observational cohort and cross-sectional studies. Accessed July 6, 2021. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/study-quality-assessment-tools
Borenstein  M , Hesdges  L , Higgins  J , Rothstein  H.   Introduction to Meta-Analysis. Wiley; 2009.
Egger  M , Davey Smith  G , Schneider  M , Minder  C .  Bias in meta-analysis detected by a simple, graphical test.   BMJ. 1997;315(7109):629-634. doi:10.1136/bmj.315.7109.629PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
AlAzzam  M , Abuhammad  S , Abdalrahim  A , Hamdan-Mansour  AM .  Predictors of depression and anxiety among senior high school students during COVID-19 pandemic: the context of home quarantine and online education.   J Sch Nurs. 2021;1059840520988548.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Asanov  I , Flores  F , McKenzie  D , Mensmann  M , Schulte  M .  Remote-learning, time-use, and mental health of Ecuadorian high-school students during the COVID-19 quarantine.   World Dev. 2021;138:105225. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.105225PubMedGoogle Scholar
Cao  Y , Huang  L , Si  T , Wang  NQ , Qu  M , Zhang  XY .  The role of only-child status in the psychological impact of COVID-19 on mental health of Chinese adolescents.   J Affect Disord. 2021;282:316-321. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2020.12.113PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Cheah  CSL , Wang  C , Ren  H , Zong  X , Cho  HS , Xue  X .  COVID-19 racism and mental health in Chinese American families.   Pediatrics. 2020;146(5):e2020021816. doi:10.1542/peds.2020-021816PubMedGoogle Scholar
Chen  F , Zheng  D , Liu  J , Gong  Y , Guan  Z , Lou  D .  Depression and anxiety among adolescents during COVID-19: a cross-sectional study.   Brain Behav Immun. 2020;88:36-38. doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2020.05.061PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Chen  S , Cheng  Z , Wu  J .  Risk factors for adolescents’ mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic: a comparison between Wuhan and other urban areas in China.   Global Health. 2020;16(1):96. doi:10.1186/s12992-020-00627-7PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Chi  X , Liang  K , Chen  ST ,  et al.  Mental health problems among Chinese adolescents during the COVID-19: the importance of nutrition and physical activity.   Int J Clin Health Psychol. 2021;21(3):100218. doi:10.1016/j.ijchp.2020.100218PubMedGoogle Scholar
Crescentini  C , Feruglio  S , Matiz  A ,  et al.  Stuck outside and inside: an exploratory study on the effects of the COVID-19 outbreak on Italian parents and children’s internalizing symptoms.   Front Psychol. 2020;11:586074. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.586074PubMedGoogle Scholar
Dong  H , Yang  F , Lu  X , Hao  W .  Internet addiction and related psychological factors among children and adolescents in China during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic.   Front Psychiatry. 2020;11:00751. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2020.00751PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Garcia de Avila  MA , Hamamoto Filho  PT , Jacob  FLDS ,  et al.  Children’s anxiety and factors related to the COVID-19 pandemic: an exploratory study using the Children’s Anxiety Questionnaire and the Numerical Rating Scale.   Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(16):E5757. doi:10.3390/ijerph17165757PubMedGoogle Scholar
Glynn  LM , Davis  EP , Luby  JL , Baram  TZ , Sandman  CA .  A predictable home environment may protect child mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic.   Neurobiol Stress. 2021;14:100291. doi:10.1016/j.ynstr.2020.100291PubMedGoogle Scholar
Hou  TY , Mao  XF , Dong  W , Cai  WP , Deng  GH .  Prevalence of and factors associated with mental health problems and suicidality among senior high school students in rural China during the COVID-19 outbreak.   Asian J Psychiatr. 2020;54:102305. doi:10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102305PubMedGoogle Scholar
Li  W , Zhang  Y , Wang  J ,  et al.  Association of home quarantine and mental health among teenagers in Wuhan, China, during the COVID-19 pandemic.   JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(3):313-316. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5499PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Luthar  SS , Ebbert  AM , Kumar  NL .  Risk and resilience during COVID-19: a new study in the Zigler paradigm of developmental science.   Dev Psychopathol. 2021;33(2):565-580.PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
McGuine  TA , Biese  KM , Petrovska  L ,  et al.  Mental health, physical activity, and quality of life of us adolescent athletes during COVID-19-related school closures and sport cancellations: a study of 13 000 athletes.   J Athl Train. 2020. doi:10.4085/478-20PubMedGoogle Scholar
Murata  S , Rezeppa  T , Thoma  B ,  et al.  The psychiatric sequelae of the COVID-19 pandemic in adolescents, adults, and health care workers.   Depress Anxiety. 2021;38(2):233-246. doi:10.1002/da.23120PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Orgilés  M , Espada  JP , Delvecchio  E ,  et al.  Anxiety and depressive symptoms in children and adolescents during COVID-19 pandemic: a transcultural approach.   Psicothema. 2021;33(1):125-130.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Ravens-Sieberer  U , Kaman  A , Erhart  M , Devine  J , Schlack  R , Otto  C .  Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on quality of life and mental health in children and adolescents in Germany.   Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2021. doi:10.1007/s00787-021-01726-5PubMedGoogle Scholar
Tang  S , Xiang  M , Cheung  T , Xiang  YT .  Mental health and its correlates among children and adolescents during COVID-19 school closure: the importance of parent-child discussion.   J Affect Disord. 2021;279:353-360. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2020.10.016PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Zhou  J , Yuan  X , Qi  H ,  et al.  Prevalence of depression and its correlative factors among female adolescents in China during the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak.   Global Health. 2020;16(1):69. doi:10.1186/s12992-020-00601-3PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Zhang  Z , Zhai  A , Yang  M ,  et al.  Prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms of high school students in Shandong province during the COVID-19 epidemic.   Front Psychiatry. 2020;11:570096. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2020.570096PubMedGoogle Scholar
Zhang  C , Ye  M , Fu  Y ,  et al.  The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on teenagers in China.   J Adolesc Health. 2020;67(6):747-755. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.08.026PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Masonbrink  AR , Hurley  E .  Advocating for children during the COVID-19 school closures.   Pediatrics. 2020;146(3):e20201440. doi:10.1542/peds.2020-1440PubMedGoogle Scholar
Schaller  J , Zerpa  M .  Short-run effects of parental job loss on child health.   Am J Health Econ. 2019;5(1):8-41. doi:10.1162/ajhe_a_00106Google ScholarCrossref
Marques  L , Robinaugh  DJ , LeBlanc  NJ , Hinton  D .  Cross-cultural variations in the prevalence and presentation of anxiety disorders.   Expert Rev Neurother. 2011;11(2):313-322. doi:10.1586/ern.10.122PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Rzymski  P , Nowicki  M , Mullin  GE ,  et al.  Quantity does not equal quality: scientific principles cannot be sacrificed.   Int Immunopharmacol. 2020;86:106711. doi:10.1016/j.intimp.2020.106711PubMedGoogle Scholar
Essau  CA , Lewinsohn  PM , Seeley  JR , Sasagawa  S .  Gender differences in the developmental course of depression.   J Affect Disord. 2010;127(1-3):185-190. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2010.05.016PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Riecher-Rössler  A .  Sex and gender differences in mental disorders.   Lancet Psychiatry. 2017;4(1):8-9. doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30348-0PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Oldehinkel  AJ , Verhulst  FC , Ormel  J .  Mental health problems during puberty: Tanner stage-related differences in specific symptoms: the TRAILS study.   J Adolesc. 2011;34(1):73-85. doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2010.01.010PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Hall-Lande  JA , Eisenberg  ME , Christenson  SL , Neumark-Sztainer  D .  Social isolation, psychological health, and protective factors in adolescence.   Adolescence. 2007;42(166):265-286.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Christakis  DA , Van Cleve  W , Zimmerman  FJ .  Estimation of US children’s educational attainment and years of life lost associated with primary school closures during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.   JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(11):e2028786. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.28786PubMedGoogle Scholar
Madigan  S , Racine  N , Cooke  JE , Korczak  DJ .  COVID-19 and telemental health: benefits, challenges, and future directions.   Can Psychol. 2021;62(1):5-11. doi:10.1037/cap0000259Google ScholarCrossref
Webb Hooper  M , Nápoles  AM , Pérez-Stable  EJ .  COVID-19 and racial/ethnic disparities.   JAMA. 2020;323(24):2466-2467. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.8598PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Hawke  LD , Hayes  E , Darnay  K , Henderson  J .  Mental health among transgender and gender diverse youth: an exploration of effects during the COVID-19 pandemic.   Psychol Sex Orientat Gend Divers. Published online February 4, 2021. doi:10.1037/sgd0000467Google Scholar
Craig S, Ames ME, Bondi BC, Pepler DJ. Canadian Adolescents’ mental health and substance use during the covid-19 pandemic: associations with COVID-19 stressors. PsyArXiv. Preprint posted online September 9, 2020. doi:10.31234/osf.io/kprd9
AMA CME Accreditation Information

Credit Designation Statement: The American Medical Association designates this Journal-based CME activity activity for a maximum of 1.00  AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to:

  • 1.00 Medical Knowledge MOC points in the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program;;
  • 1.00 Self-Assessment points in the American Board of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery’s (ABOHNS) Continuing Certification program;
  • 1.00 MOC points in the American Board of Pediatrics’ (ABP) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program;
  • 1.00 Lifelong Learning points in the American Board of Pathology’s (ABPath) Continuing Certification program; and
  • 1.00 CME points in the American Board of Surgery’s (ABS) Continuing Certification program

It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting MOC credit.

Want full access to the AMA Ed Hub?
After you sign up for AMA Membership, make sure you sign in or create a Physician account with the AMA in order to access all learning activities on the AMA Ed Hub
Buy this activity
Want full access to the AMA Ed Hub?
After you sign up for AMA Membership, make sure you sign in or create a Physician account with the AMA in order to access all learning activities on the AMA Ed Hub
Buy this activity
With a personal account, you can:
  • Access free activities and track your credits
  • Personalize content alerts
  • Customize your interests
  • Fully personalize your learning experience
Education Center Collection Sign In Modal Right

Name Your Search

Save Search
With a personal account, you can:
  • Access free activities and track your credits
  • Personalize content alerts
  • Customize your interests
  • Fully personalize your learning experience

Lookup An Activity


My Saved Searches

You currently have no searches saved.


My Saved Courses

You currently have no courses saved.