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CME Disclosure Statement: Unless noted, all individuals in control of content reported no relevant financial relationships. If applicable, all relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.
Accepted for Publication: June 26, 2021.
Published Online: August 16, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.4580
Open Access: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY License. © 2021 Debes AK et al. JAMA Internal Medicine.
Corresponding Author: Amanda K. Debes, PhD, MS, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 N Wolfe St, E5036, Baltimore, MD 21205 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Author Contributions: Dr Milstone had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Concept and design: Debes, Colantuoni, Egbert, Caturegli, Milstone.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Debes, Xiao, Colantuoni, Egbert.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Debes, Xiao, Colantuoni, Caturegli.
Obtained funding: Milstone.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Debes, Egbert, Caturegli, Gadala.
Supervision: Colantuoni, Milstone.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Milstone reported receiving grant support from Merck outside the submitted work. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This work was supported in part by the National Institutes of Health under award No. K24AI141580 (Dr Milstone) and through the generosity of the collective community of donors to the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the Johns Hopkins Health System for COVID-19 research.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.
Additional Contributions: The authors would like to thank LuAnn Rezavi, BS, and Brittney Howard, MS, and other members of the Johns Hopkins Hospital Clinical Immunology Laboratory, Danielle Koontz, MAA, MAS, and Annie Voskertchian, MPH, of the Johns Hopkins Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, and Shaun Truelove, PhD, from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. They did not receive compensation for these contributions.
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