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CME Disclosure Statement: Unless noted, all individuals in control of content reported no relevant financial relationships. If applicable, all relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.
Accepted for Publication: August 1, 2021.
Published Online: August 13, 2021. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.13967
Corresponding Author: Pia S. Pannaraj, MD, MPH, Pediatrics and Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Division of Infectious Diseases, Children’s Hospital Los Angeles, 4650 Sunset Blvd, MS #51, Los Angeles, CA 90027 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Author Contributions: Mr Congrave-Wilson and Dr Pannaraj had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. Dr Pannaraj is accountable for all aspects including accuracy and integrity of the work.
Concept and design: Congrave-Wilson, Lee, Pannaraj.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Congrave-Wilson, Lee, Jumarang, Perez.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Congrave-Wilson, Bender, Dien Bard, Pannaraj.
Statistical analysis: Congrave-Wilson, Lee, Pannaraj.
Obtained funding: Pannaraj.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Jumarang, Perez, Dien Bard.
Supervision: Lee, Pannaraj.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Pannaraj reported receiving consultant fees from Sanofi-Pasteur and Seqirus, research funding from Pfizer and AstraZeneca for unrelated studies, and grants from MedImmune. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This study was funded by grant U01AI144616-02S1 from the National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. The funds were used for salary support for staff and materials to conduct the study.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We thank Ariana Peralta, AS, Melissa Lucero Tanaka, MD, Adrianna Sainz, BS, Carolyn Jennifer Marentes Ruiz, MD, and Lauren Turner, MS, who helped to collect specimens; and Wesley Cheng, BS, for help with REDCap. All received salary support from the study and are staff at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles.
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