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Association of Nursing Home Characteristics With Staff and Resident COVID-19 Vaccination Coverage

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Article Information

Accepted for Publication: August 23, 2021.

Published Online: September 16, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2021.5890

Correction: This article was corrected on November 1, 2021, to fix data errors in Figure 2.

Corresponding Author: Brian E. McGarry, PT, PhD, Division of Geriatrics and Aging, Department of Medicine, University of Rochester, 265 Crittenden Blvd, PO Box CU 420644, Rochester, NY 14642 (brian_mcgarry@urmc.rochester.edu).

Author Contributions: Dr McGarry had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

Concept and design: McGarry, Barnett, Gandhi.

Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.

Drafting of the manuscript: McGarry, Shen, Gandhi.

Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.

Statistical analysis: McGarry, Shen, Gandhi.

Administrative, technical, or material support: McGarry, Gandhi.

Supervision: McGarry, Gandhi.

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Shen reported personal fees from Research Improving People’s Lives outside the submitted work. Dr Grabowski reported personal fees from naviHealth, Abt Associates, Compass Lexecon, RTI International, Analysis Group, and ATI Advisory outside the submitted work. Dr Gandhi reported current grant funding from the National Institute for Health Care Management, the Washington Center for Equitable Growth, and the University of California, Los Angeles. No other disclosures were reported.

Additional Contributions: We wish to thank Yan Bo Zeng, BA, of the Anderson School of Management at the University of California, Los Angeles, for his excellent research assistance. He was compensated for his contributions.

Additional Information: Complete linear regression results are available from the corresponding author on request.

References
1.
White  EM , Yang  X , Blackman  C , Feifer  RA , Gravenstein  S , Mor  V .  Incident SARS-CoV-2 infection among mRNA-vaccinated and unvaccinated nursing home residents.   N Engl J Med. 2021;385(5):474-476. doi:10.1056/NEJMc2104849 PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
2.
Gharpure  R , Patel  A , Link-Gelles  R .  First-dose COVID-19 vaccination coverage among skilled nursing facility residents and staff.   JAMA. 2021;325(16):1670-1671. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.2352 PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
3.
Shen  K .  Relationship between nursing home COVID-19 outbreaks and staff neighborhood characteristics.   medRxiv. Preprint posted online December 6, 2020.doi:10.1101/2020.09.10.20192203Google Scholar
4.
McGarry  BE , Gandhi  AD , Grabowski  DC , Barnett  ML .  Larger nursing home staff size linked to higher number of COVID-19 cases in 2020.   Health Aff (Millwood). 2021;40(8):1261-1269. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.2021.00323 PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
5.
White  EM , Wetle  TF , Reddy  A , Baier  RR .  Front-line nursing home staff experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic.   J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2021;22(1):199-203. doi:10.1016/j.jamda.2020.11.022 PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
6.
President Biden to announce new actions to protect Americans from COVID-19 and help state and local leaders fight the virus. News release. The White House. August 18, 2021. Accessed September 1, 2021. https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2021/08/18/fact-sheet-president-biden-to-announce-new-actions-to-protect-americans-from-covid-19-and-help-state-and-local-leaders-fight-the-virus/
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