Accepted for Publication: September 16, 2021.
Published: November 10, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.34241
Open Access: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY License. © 2021 Pena Orbea C et al. JAMA Network Open.
Corresponding Author: Reena Mehra, MD, MS, Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute, 9500 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44195 (email@example.com).
Author Contributions: Drs Pena Orbea and Mehra had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Concept and design: Pena Orbea, Shah, Jehi, Mashaqi, Mehra.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Pena Orbea, Wang, Jehi, Milinovich, Foldvary-Schaefer, Chung, Aboussouan, Seidel, Mehra.
Drafting of the manuscript: Pena Orbea, Wang, Milinovich, Mashaqi, Aboussouan, Mehra.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Pena Orbea, Shah, Jehi, Milinovich, Foldvary-Schaefer, Chung, Mashaqi, Aboussouan, Seidel, Mehra.
Statistical analysis: Pena Orbea, Wang, Shah.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Jehi, Milinovich, Aboussouan, Mehra.
Supervision: Pena Orbea, Foldvary-Schaefer, Chung, Mehra.
Other–Interpretation and preparation of results and discussion: Shah.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Milinovich reported receiving grants from Merck, NovoNordisk, Novartis, Boehringer Ingelheim, Bayer, and the National Institutes of Health outside the submitted work. Dr Chung reported receiving research grant support from the American Heart Association and the National Institutes of Health. Dr Aboussouan reported receiving personal fees from Wolter Kluwer and honoraria for UpToDate topics outside the submitted work. Dr Jehi reported receiving funds from the National Institutes of Health outside the submitted work. Dr Mehra reported receiving funding from the National Institutes of Health and American Heart Association, royalties from UptoDate, and fees for service to the American Board of Internal Medicine outside the submitted work. Dr Pena Orbea reported receiving grant funds from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine outside the submitted work. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This study was supported by the Neuroscience Transformative Research Resource Development Award (Dr Mehra), which funded the collection and management of the sleep study registry.
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Additional Contributions: We thank Jian Jin, MS, the data scientist who contributed to the data extraction; Greg Strnad, MS, the creator of the REDCap database; Amy Yamakoski, MA, the COVID-19 registry manager; Peter Imrey, PhD, who read and provided helpful comments on the late version of the manuscript from a study design and statistical perspective; and James Bena, MS, who read and provided helpful feedback for this project from a study design and statistical perspective. Mr Jin, Mr Strnad, and Ms Yamakoski were financially compensated for their contributions.
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