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CME Disclosure Statement: Unless noted, all individuals in control of content reported no relevant financial relationships. If applicable, all relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.
Accepted for Publication: September 22, 2021.
Published: November 16, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.34913
Open Access: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY License. © 2021 Asch DA et al. JAMA Network Open.
Corresponding Author: David A. Asch, MD, Center for Health Care Innovation, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Civic Center Blvd, 14-171 PCAM South Tower, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (email@example.com).
Author Contributions: Mr Buresh had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Concept and design: Asch, Islam, Sheils, Doshi, Werner.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Buresh, Allison, Sheils, Doshi, Werner.
Drafting of the manuscript: Asch, Allison, Sheils.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Islam, Doshi, Werner.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Sheils.
Supervision: Sheils, Werner.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Allison reported receiving grants from Novo Nordisk Investigator Initiated Study outside the submitted work. Dr Sheils, Dr Islam, and Mr. Buresh own stock in UnitedHealth Group, which is the parent company of their employer Optum Labs, outside the submitted work. No other disclosures were reported.
Additional Contributions: We thank Yong Chen, PhD (University of Pennsylvania), for useful comments made on the manuscript. Dr Chen was not compensated for his time.
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