A previously healthy 25-year-old woman presented with headache, dysarthria, double vision, and dizziness for 1 week. She denied any history of fever, head trauma, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, or cough. She had traveled to northeastern Brazil 2 months before the onset of the neurological symptoms.
On examination, she had a mild right-side hemiparesis with hyperreflexia and hemiataxia. She could walk unassisted but presented with a broad base. There were no meningeal signs. She did not present with hepatosplenomegaly of lymphadenopathy. Her cranial magnetic resonance imaging showed a T2-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery hyperintense lesion with heterogeneous gadolinium enhancement in the pons (Figure). There were no signs of diffusion restriction on diffusion-weighted imaging or hemorrhages on susceptibility-weighted imaging.
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Corresponding Author: Lucas Fernandes Ferreira, Department of Neurology, Hospital das Clinicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo, Dr Eneas de Carvalho de Aguiar St 255, Sao Paulo, SP, 05403-000, Brazil (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Published Online: January 10, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamaneurol.2021.4861
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.
Additional Contributions: We thank the patient’s sister for granting permission to publish this information.
Credit Designation Statement: The American Medical Association designates this Journal-based CME activity activity for a maximum of 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to:
It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting MOC credit.
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