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Evaluation of Trends in Alcohol Use Disorder–Related Mortality in the US Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Educational Objective
To identify the key insights or developments described in this article
1 Credit CME

The US mortality rate has surged during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, it is imperative to identify diseases and health conditions that have been affected disproportionately. Mounting evidence indicates that alcohol sales, alcohol consumption, and complications of alcohol use have increased during the pandemic.13 However, there are limited data on nationwide alcohol use disorder (AUD)–related mortality. Here, we use projective modeling to evaluate AUD-related mortality rates in the US from 2012 to 2021, with a focus on trends during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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CME Disclosure Statement: Unless noted, all individuals in control of content reported no relevant financial relationships. If applicable, all relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.

Article Information

Accepted for Publication: March 16, 2022.

Published: May 4, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.10259

Open Access: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY License. © 2022 Yeo YH et al. JAMA Network Open.

Corresponding Authors: Yee Hui Yeo, MD, MSc, Division of General Internal Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Blvd, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (yeehui.yeo@cshs.org); Fanpu Ji, MD, PhD, Department of Infectious Diseases, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, No. 157 Xi Wu Rd, Xi’an 710004, Shaanxi Province, People’s Republic of China (jifanpu1979@163.com or infection@xjtu.edu.cn).

Author Contributions: Drs Yeo and Ji had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

Concept and design: Yeo, Almario, Ji.

Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: He, Ting, Zu, Almario, Spiegel, Ji.

Drafting of the manuscript: Yeo, Ting.

Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: He, Ting, Zu, Almario, Spiegel, Ji.

Statistical analysis: Yeo, He, Zu, Ji.

Administrative, technical, or material support: Zu.

Supervision: Yeo, Zu, Spiegel, Ji.

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Ji reported receiving speaker fees from and serving on the advisory boards of Gilead Sciences and Merck Sharp & Dohme during the conduct of the study. No other disclosures were reported.

References
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Pollard  MS , Tucker  JS , Green  HD  Jr .  Changes in adult alcohol use and consequences during the COVID-19 pandemic in the US.   JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(9):e2022942. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.22942 PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
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Chen  PH , Ting  PS , Almazan  E , Chander  G , Cameron  AM , Gurakar  A .  Inter-hospital escalation-of-care referrals for severe alcohol-related liver disease with recent drinking during the COVID-19 pandemic.   Alcohol. 2022;57(2):185-189. doi:10.1093/alcalc/agab047PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
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Micallef  JV .  How the COVID-19 pandemic is upending the alcoholic beverage industry.  Forbes. April 4, 2020. Accessed January 10, 2022. https://www.forbes.com/sites/joemicallef/2020/04/04/how-the-covid-19-pandemic-is-upending-the-alcoholic-beverage-industry/?sh=27fe1c5f4b0b
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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  CDC WONDER (Wide-Ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research) Database. 2021. Accessed February 15, 2022. https://wonder.cdc.gov/
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Murphy  SL , Xu  J , Kochanek  KD , Arias  E , Tejada-Vera  B .  Deaths: final data for 2018.   Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2021;69(13):1-83.PubMedGoogle Scholar
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