[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]

Evaluation of Age Patterns of COVID-19 Mortality by Race and Ethnicity From March 2020 to October 2021 in the US

Educational Objective
To identify the key insights or developments described in this article
1 Credit CME

The disproportionate burden of COVID-19 mortality among older adults during the early stages of the pandemic is well documented.13 However, little is known about associations between subsequent developments (eg, vaccine availability) and the age pattern of mortality. In this study, we examined changes in age-specific COVID-19 mortality rates by sex and by race and ethnicity.

Sign in to take quiz and track your certificates

Buy This Activity

JN Learning™ is the home for CME and MOC from the JAMA Network. Search by specialty or US state and earn AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ from articles, audio, Clinical Challenges and more. Learn more about CME/MOC

CME Disclosure Statement: Unless noted, all individuals in control of content reported no relevant financial relationships. If applicable, all relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.

Article Information

Accepted for Publication: April 1, 2022.

Published: May 17, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.12686

Correction: This article was corrected on August 4, 2022, to correct data in the Results, Table, and Figure that were incorrect owing to a coding error.

Open Access: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY License. © 2022 Elo IT et al. JAMA Network Open.

Corresponding Author: Irma T. Elo, PhD, Population Studies Center and Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania, 3718 Locust Walk, Room 239, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (popelo@pop.upenn.edu).

Author Contributions: Dr Elo and Ms Luck had full access to all the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

Concept and design: Elo, Stokes, Hempstead, Preston.

Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Elo, Luck, Stokes, Xie.

Drafting of the manuscript: Elo, Stokes, Preston.

Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.

Statistical analysis: Luck, Xie, Preston.

Obtained funding: Elo, Stokes.

Supervision: Elo, Preston.

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Stokes reported receiving grants from Swiss Re and Johnson & Johnson outside the submitted work. No other disclosures were reported.

Funding/Support: This study was supported by grant 77521 from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (Dr Stokes), grants R01 AG060115 and R01 AG060115-04S1 from the National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health (Dr Elo), and grant T32HD007242 from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (Ms Luck).

Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The sponsors had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.

Disclaimer: The interpretations, conclusions, and recommendations in this work are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation or the National Institute of Aging.

References
1.
Sasson  I .  Age and COVID-19 mortality: a comparison of Gompertz doubling time across countries and causes of death.   Demogr Res. 2021;44:379-396. doi:10.4054/DemRes.2021.44.16 Google ScholarCrossref
2.
Goldstein  JR , Lee  RD .  Demographic perspectives on the mortality of COVID-19 and other epidemics.   Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020;117(36):22035-22041. doi:10.1073/pnas.2006392117 PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
3.
Bassett  MT , Chen  JT , Krieger  N .  Variation in racial/ethnic disparities in COVID-19 mortality by age in the United States: a cross-sectional study.   PLoS Med. 2020;17(10):e1003402. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1003402 PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
4.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Provisional mortality statistics by multiple cause of death and by single race, for 2018 through present. Reviewed March 24, 2022. Accessed December 16, 2021. https://wonder.cdc.gov/mcd.html
5.
US Census Bureau. National population by characteristics: 2010-2020. Vintage 2020 population estimates. Reviewed October 8, 2021. Accessed December 21, 2021. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/technical-documentation/research/evaluation-estimates/2020-evaluation-estimates/2010s-national-detail.html
6.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2021. COVID data tracker. Demographic trends of people receiving COVID-19 vaccinations in the United States. Updated April 6, 2022. Accessed December 16, 2021. https://covid.cdc.gov/covid-data-tracker/#vaccination-demographics-trends
AMA CME Accreditation Information

Credit Designation Statement: The American Medical Association designates this Journal-based CME activity activity for a maximum of 1.00  AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Successful completion of this CME activity, which includes participation in the evaluation component, enables the participant to earn up to:

  • 1.00 Medical Knowledge MOC points in the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program;;
  • 1.00 Self-Assessment points in the American Board of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery’s (ABOHNS) Continuing Certification program;
  • 1.00 MOC points in the American Board of Pediatrics’ (ABP) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program;
  • 1.00 Lifelong Learning points in the American Board of Pathology’s (ABPath) Continuing Certification program; and
  • 1.00 credit toward the CME [and Self-Assessment requirements] of the American Board of Surgery’s Continuous Certification program

It is the CME activity provider's responsibility to submit participant completion information to ACCME for the purpose of granting MOC credit.

Close
Want full access to the AMA Ed Hub?
After you sign up for AMA Membership, make sure you sign in or create a Physician account with the AMA in order to access all learning activities on the AMA Ed Hub
Buy this activity
Close
Want full access to the AMA Ed Hub?
After you sign up for AMA Membership, make sure you sign in or create a Physician account with the AMA in order to access all learning activities on the AMA Ed Hub
Buy this activity
Close
With a personal account, you can:
  • Access free activities and track your credits
  • Personalize content alerts
  • Customize your interests
  • Fully personalize your learning experience
Education Center Collection Sign In Modal Right
Close

Name Your Search

Save Search
With a personal account, you can:
  • Access free activities and track your credits
  • Personalize content alerts
  • Customize your interests
  • Fully personalize your learning experience
Close
Close

Lookup An Activity

or

My Saved Searches

You currently have no searches saved.

Close

My Saved Courses

You currently have no courses saved.

Close