Corresponding Author: Elizabeth C. Wick, MD, Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, 513 Parnassus Ave, S-321, San Francisco, CA 94143 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Published Online: July 6, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.2586
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Lin reported grants from the National Health Institutes (T32CA25107001) during the conduct of the study. Dr Wick reported grants from AHRQ during the conduct of the study (1R01HS024532-01A1). No other disclosures were reported.
Additional Contributions: The authors thank Margot Kushel, MD, University of California, San Francisco, and Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital for critical review and feedback on the manuscript. Additionally, we thank Pamela Derish, University of California San Francisco, Department of Surgery, and Hope Schwartz, BA, University of California School of Medicine, for editorial assistance and manuscript preparation.
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