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Analysis of School-Level Vaccination Rates by Race, Ethnicity, and Geography in New York City

Educational Objective
To identify the key insights or developments described in this article
1 Credit CME

Vaccinations for COVID-19 have proven safe and effective for preventing serious illness for most children.1,2 Race, ethnicity, and geography are important correlates of vaccination rates for adults, while data have proven limited in understanding whether this is true for children.3 In this cross-sectional study, we took advantage of newly released public school–level vaccination rates in New York City (NYC), where geographically distributed schools with varying racial and ethnic concentration can shed important light on differences by race, ethnicity, and geography for COVID-19 vaccination rates for children.

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CME Disclosure Statement: Unless noted, all individuals in control of content reported no relevant financial relationships. If applicable, all relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.

Article Information

Accepted for Publication: July 31, 2022.

Published: September 15, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.31849

Open Access: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY License. © 2022 Elbel B et al. JAMA Network Open.

Corresponding Author: Brian Elbel, PhD, MPH, Section on Health Choice, Policy and Evaluation, Department of Population Health, New York University Grossman School of Medicine, 180 Madison Ave, New York, NY 10016 (Brian.Elbel@nyulangone.org).

Author Contributions: Dr Elbel had full access to all the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

Concept and design: Elbel, Konty, Schwartz.

Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.

Drafting of the manuscript: Elbel, Zhou, Chen, Schwartz.

Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Elbel, Zhou, Lee, Day, Konty, Schwartz.

Statistical analysis: Elbel, Zhou, Lee, Chen, Schwartz.

Obtained funding: Elbel, Konty, Schwartz.

Administrative, technical, or material support: Elbel, Day, Konty, Schwartz.

Supervision: Elbel, Day, Schwartz.

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.

Funding/Support: Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) of the National Institutes of Health under award number U01NR020443.

Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funders had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.

Disclaimer: The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

References
1.
Thompson  LA , Rasmussen  SA .  Children and COVID-19 vaccines.   JAMA Pediatr. 2021;175(8):876-876. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.1974PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
2.
Olson  SM , Newhams  MM , Halasa  NB ,  et al; Overcoming COVID-19 Investigators.  Effectiveness of Pfizer-BioNTech mRNA vaccination against COVID-19 hospitalization among persons aged 12-18 years—United States, June-September 2021.   MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2021;70(42):1483-1488. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm7042e1PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
3.
Ndugga  N , Hill  L , Artiga  S , Haldar  S . Latest data on COVID-19 vaccinations race/ethnicity. Kaiser Family Foundation; 2022. Updated July 14, 2022. Accessed March 15, 2022. https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/issue-brief/latest-data-on-covid-19-vaccinations-by-race-ethnicity/
4.
New York City Department of Education. Student COVID Vaccinations. NYC OpenData Portal. Updated April 7, 2022. Accessed March 15, 2022. https://data.cityofnewyork.us/Education/Student-COVID-Vaccinations-3-24-2022-/q5xz-reje
5.
New York State Education Department. Student enrollment database, School Report Card data. November 2, 2021. Accessed March 15, 2022. https://data.nysed.gov/downloads.php
6.
New York City Health Department. COVID-19. Data on vaccinations. Accessed July 8, 2022. https://www1.nyc.gov/site/doh/covid/covid-19-data-vaccines.page
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