[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]

Factors Associated With COVID-19 Vaccination Among Individuals With Vaccine Hesitancy in French-Speaking Belgium

Educational Objective
To identify the key insights or developments described in this article
1 Credit CME

Despite unprecedented communication campaigns, many governments faced some degree of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy.1,2 In Belgium, French-speaking regions (Brussels and Wallonia) are of particular interest, as their vaccination rates are lower than that in Flanders. In October 2021, the government enacted a Covid Safe Ticket (CST) pass, which conditioned access to several public and private facilities on proof of complete vaccination, recovery, or a negative polymerase chain reaction test. COVID-19 passes have been implemented to fight the epidemic and were moderately effective in incentivizing vaccination, notably in France.3 In this study, we examine the reasons people who were initially resistant to the vaccine ended up getting vaccinated.

Sign in to take quiz and track your certificates

Buy This Activity

CME Disclosure Statement: Unless noted, all individuals in control of content reported no relevant financial relationships. If applicable, all relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.

Article Information

Accepted for Publication: August 16, 2022.

Published: September 16, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.34433

Open Access: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the CC-BY License. © 2022 Gbenonsi GY et al. JAMA Network Open.

Corresponding Author: Gloria Yawavi Gbenonsi, MPH, School of Public Health, Université libre de Bruxelles, Campus Erasme, Route de Lennik 808, 1070 Brussels, Belgium (yawavi.gloria.gbenonsi@ulb.be).

Author Contributions: Mrs Gbenonsi and Dr Jidovsteff had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

Concept and design: Gbenonsi, Jidovtseff, Servais, Vermeulen, Paul.

Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.

Drafting of the manuscript: Gbenonsi, Vermeulen, Paul.

Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.

Statistical analysis: Gbenonsi, Jidovtseff.

Administrative, technical, or material support: Labat, Oleffe, Servais, Paul.

Supervision: Vermeulen, Paul.

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: None reported.

Additional Contributions: We thank Morgane Guyomarch, fellow MPH student with Mrs Gbenonsi and intern at Université libre de Bruxelles, under the supervision of Dr Paul, Mrs Labat, and Mrs Oleffe, for fruitful contributions on the qualitative part of data analysis. We thank Pierre-Francois Laterre, PhD (Catholic University of Louvain), for his contribution to the questionnaire and proofreading of the manuscript.

References
1.
Machingaidze  S , Wiysonge  CS .  Understanding COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy.   Nat Med. 2021;27(8):1338-1339. doi:10.1038/s41591-021-01459-7PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
2.
Chou  WS , Budenz  A .  Considering emotion in COVID-19 vaccine communication: addressing vaccine hesitancy and fostering vaccine confidence.   Health Commun. 2020;35(14):1718-1722. doi:10.1080/10410236.2020.1838096PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
3.
Ward  JK , Gauna  F , Gagneux-Brunon  A ,  et al.  The French health pass holds lessons for mandatory COVID-19 vaccination.   Nat Med. 2022;28(2):232-235. doi:10.1038/s41591-021-01661-7PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
4.
Roy  DN , Biswas  M , Islam  E , Azam  MS .  Potential factors influencing COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and hesitancy: a systematic review.   PLoS One. 2022;17(3):e0265496. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0265496PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
5.
Mills  MC , Rüttenauer  T .  The effect of mandatory COVID-19 certificates on vaccine uptake: synthetic-control modelling of six countries.   Lancet Public Health. 2022;7(1):e15-e22. doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(21)00273-5PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
Close
Want full access to the AMA Ed Hub?
After you sign up for AMA Membership, make sure you sign in or create a Physician account with the AMA in order to access all learning activities on the AMA Ed Hub
Buy this activity
Close
Want full access to the AMA Ed Hub?
After you sign up for AMA Membership, make sure you sign in or create a Physician account with the AMA in order to access all learning activities on the AMA Ed Hub
Buy this activity
Close
With a personal account, you can:
  • Access free activities and track your credits
  • Personalize content alerts
  • Customize your interests
  • Fully personalize your learning experience
Education Center Collection Sign In Modal Right
Close

Name Your Search

Save Search
With a personal account, you can:
  • Access free activities and track your credits
  • Personalize content alerts
  • Customize your interests
  • Fully personalize your learning experience
Close
Close

Lookup An Activity

or

My Saved Searches

You currently have no searches saved.

Close

My Saved Courses

You currently have no courses saved.

Close