[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]

Employment in Office-Based and Intensive Behavioral Health Settings in the US, 2016-2021

Educational Objective
To identify the key insights or developments described in this article
1 Credit CME

The COVID-19 pandemic prompted increased demand for behavioral health services.1 These conditions introduced significant stressors on the behavioral health workforce, which already experienced high rates of burnout and turnover before the COVID-19 pandemic that contributed to shortages in many areas of the country.2,3 This study examined the association between the COVID-19 pandemic and the US behavioral health workforce.

Sign in to take quiz and track your certificates

Buy This Activity

JN Learning™ is the home for CME and MOC from the JAMA Network. Search by specialty or US state and earn AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s)™ from articles, audio, Clinical Challenges and more. Learn more about CME/MOC

CME Disclosure Statement: Unless noted, all individuals in control of content reported no relevant financial relationships. If applicable, all relevant financial relationships have been mitigated.

Article Information

Accepted for Publication: September 8, 2022.

Published Online: September 19, 2022. doi:10.1001/jama.2022.17613

Corresponding Author: Matthew D. Eisenberg, PhD, Department of Health Policy & Management, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway, Hampton House 406, Baltimore, MD 21205 (eisenberg@jhu.edu).

Author Contributions: Dr Eisenberg and Ms Eddelbuettel had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.

Concept and design: All authors.

Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: Eisenberg, Eddelbuettel.

Drafting of the manuscript: All authors.

Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Eddelbuettel, McGinty.

Statistical analysis: Eisenberg, Eddelbuettel.

Administrative, technical, or material support: Eisenberg, McGinty.

Supervision: Eisenberg, McGinty.

Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Eisenberg reported receiving grants from National Institute on Drug Abuse, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Affordability Cures Consortium, Arnold Ventures, National Institute on Aging, and National Institute of Nursing Research outside the submitted work. No other disclosures were reported.

References
1.
Zhu  JM , Myers  R , McConnell  KJ , Levander  X , Lin  SC .  Trends in outpatient mental health services use before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.   Health Aff (Millwood). 2022;41(4):573-580. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.2021.01297PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
2.
Brabson  LA , Harris  JL , Lindhiem  O , Herschell  AD .  Workforce turnover in community behavioral health agencies in the USA: a systematic review with recommendations.   Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. 2020;23(3):297-315. doi:10.1007/s10567-020-00313-5PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
3.
Nguyen  T , Cantor  J , Andraka-Christou  B , Bradford  WD , Simon  K .  Where did the specialty behavioral health workforce grow between 2011 and 2019? evidence from census data.   J Subst Abuse Treat. 2021;130:108482. doi:10.1016/j.jsat.2021.108482PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
4.
Quarterly census of employment and wages. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Published September 23, 2020. Accessed June 28, 2022. https://www.bls.gov/cew/downloadable-data-files.htm
5.
Druss  BG , Cohen  AN , Brister  T ,  et al.  Supporting the mental health workforce during and after COVID-19.   Psychiatr Serv. 2021;72(10):1222-1224. doi:10.1176/appi.ps.202000509PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
6.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Key Substance Use and Mental Health Indicators in the United States: Results from the 2020 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality; 2021. Accessed September 14, 2022. https://www.samhsa.gov/data/
Close
Want full access to the AMA Ed Hub?
After you sign up for AMA Membership, make sure you sign in or create a Physician account with the AMA in order to access all learning activities on the AMA Ed Hub
Buy this activity
Close
Want full access to the AMA Ed Hub?
After you sign up for AMA Membership, make sure you sign in or create a Physician account with the AMA in order to access all learning activities on the AMA Ed Hub
Buy this activity
Close
With a personal account, you can:
  • Access free activities and track your credits
  • Personalize content alerts
  • Customize your interests
  • Fully personalize your learning experience
Education Center Collection Sign In Modal Right
Close

Name Your Search

Save Search
With a personal account, you can:
  • Access free activities and track your credits
  • Personalize content alerts
  • Customize your interests
  • Fully personalize your learning experience
Close
Close

Lookup An Activity

or

My Saved Searches

You currently have no searches saved.

Close

My Saved Courses

You currently have no courses saved.

Close