Accepted for Publication: July 7, 2022.
Published Online: October 19, 2022. doi:10.1001/jamasurg.2022.3944
Corresponding Author: Sherry M. Wren, MD, Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, G112, 3801 Miranda Ave, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (email@example.com).
Author Contributions: Dr Rose had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Concept and design: All authors.
Acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: Mattingly, Wren.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: All authors.
Statistical analysis: Eddington, Rose, Trickey.
Obtained funding: Wren.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Mattingly, Wren.
Supervision: Cullen, Wren.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Rose reported receiving grants from the Department of Veterans Affairs during the conduct of the study. Dr Cullen reported receiving personal fees from Datavant, Inc, Pfizer, Manatt, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation outside the submitted work. No other disclosures were reported.
Funding/Support: This study was funded by a seed grant from the Stanford University School of Medicine Department of Surgery (Dr Wren).
Role of the Funder/Sponsor: The funder had no role in the design and conduct of the study; collection, management, analysis, and interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; and decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of Change Healthcare.
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