Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC) is prevalent globally and in the US. Management, particularly after disease recurrence, can be challenging, and exploring additional treatment modalities, such as therapeutic cancer vaccines, may offer an opportunity to improve outcomes in this setting.
This review provides an overview of the clinical efficacy of different treatment modalities that are currently available for the treatment of recurrent and metastatic HNSCC, including checkpoint inhibitors and targeted therapies, with a detailed summary of the numerous T-cell vaccines that have been studied in the setting of HNSCC, as well as a detailed summary of B-cell therapeutic vaccines being investigated for various malignant tumors.
Conclusions and Relevance
The findings of this review suggest that several therapeutic T-cell and B-cell vaccines, which have been recently developed and evaluated in a clinical setting, offer a promising treatment modality with the potential to improve outcomes for patients with recurrent and metastatic HNSCC.