Accepted for Publication: January 27, 2023.
Published Online: March 23, 2023. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2023.0159
Corresponding Author: Dorina Kallogjeri, MD, MPH, Clinical Outcomes Research Office, Department of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, 660 S Euclid Ave, Campus Box 8115, St Louis, MO 63110 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Author Contributions: All authors had full access to all of the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.
Concept and design: All authors.
Drafting of the manuscript: All authors.
Critical revision of the manuscript for important intellectual content: Kallogjeri.
Administrative, technical, or material support: Piccirillo.
Other - wrote the manuscript: Kallogjeri.
Conflict of Interest Disclosures: Dr Piccirillo reported that he developed the SNOT, SNORE, and NOSE-HHT instruments and receives royalty payments when Washington University licenses these instruments. No other conflicts were reported.
Disclaimer: Dr Piccirillo is Editior in Chief of JAMA Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery. Dr Kallogjeri is the Statistics Editor of JAMA Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery. They were not involved in the editorial decision regarding this manuscript.
G . Understanding the New Statistics: Effect Sizes, Confidence Intervals, And Meta-Analysis. New York: Routledge; 2012.
PD . The Essential Guide to Effect Sizes. Statistical Power, Meta-Analysis, and the Interpretation of Research Results. Cambridge University Press; 2015.
S , Kallogjeri
D , Suko
J , Kukuljan
S , Schneider
J , Piccirillo
JF . Effect of budesonide added to large-volume, low-pressure saline sinus irrigation for chronic rhinosinusitis: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
. 2018;144(7):605-612. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.0667PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
J . Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. 2nd ed. Routledge; 1988.
M , Giger
R , Nisa
L , Mueller
SA , Schubert
M , Schubert
AD . Association of multiprofessional preoperative assessment and information for patients with head and neck cancer with postoperative outcomes. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
. 2022;148(3):259-267. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2021.4048PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
S , Kallogjeri
D , Wildes
TS , Avidan
MS , Piccirillo
JF . Association of preoperative functional performance with outcomes after surgical treatment of head and neck cancer: a clinical severity staging system. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
. 2019;145(12):1128-1136. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.1035PubMedGoogle ScholarCrossref
P , Jones
MS , Peterson
et al. Association of olfactory training with neural connectivity in adults with postviral olfactory dysfunction. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
. 2021;147(6):502-509. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2021.0086PubMedGoogle Scholar
AKD , Piccirillo
JF . Validation of minimal clinically important difference for University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT). Laryngoscope
. 2023 (submitted for publication).Google Scholar
H , Macdonald
CL , Orne
et al. Comparison between patient-perceived voice changes and quantitative voice measures in the first postoperative year after thyroidectomy: a secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
. 2018;144(11):995-1003. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2018.0309PubMedGoogle Scholar
KP , Harbaugh
CM , Brummett
et al. Association of perioperative opioid prescriptions with risk of complications after tonsillectomy in children. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
. 2019;145(10):911-918. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2019.2107PubMedGoogle Scholar