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Managing Diabetes and Hyperglycemia in the Hospital: Focus on the Noncritically Ill Patient

Learning Objectives
1. Evaluate the current scientific evidence regarding glycemic control in the noncritically ill hospitalized patient, including the optimal glycemic target for these patients
2. Describe which medications are best for controlling blood glucose levels in the hospital and discuss which medications can pose a risk
3. Compute an appropriate dose of insulin to manage hyperglycemia in the hospital
4. Formulate an anticipatory, physiologic insulin regimen for a given hospital patient
5. Judge the importance of matching nutritional insulin with the actual nutritional intake, and discuss ways of accomplishing this
6. Arrange a discharge plan for patients on insulin in the hospital and discuss various options that are available
7. Apply the principle of diabetes management to the perioperative patient
2 Credits CME

Hospitalized patients with diabetes require specific medical management in order to minimize the risk of hyperglycemia. This requires hospitalists to have an understanding of methods for glycemic control in both the critically ill and noncritically ill patient. This module, which focuses on the noncritically ill patient, is part of a 2-part series that will evaluate the current scientific evidence regarding glycemic control and discuss which medications are best for controlling blood glucose levels in the hospital. A thorough discussion of how to determine the appropriate insulin dose and develop an insulin regimen for hospitalized patients is provided, as well as strategies for developing a discharge plan for patients on insulin.

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Activity Information

© 2019 Society of Hospital Medicine | (SHM) All Rights Reserved

Based in part on the module, Managing Diabetes and Hyperglycemia in the Hospital by David Wesorick, MD and the module, Managing Diabetes and Hyperglycemia in the Hospital: Critically Ill and Surgical Patients by Diana Childers MD and Pedro Ramos MD

Accreditation Statement: The Society of Hospital Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide continuing medical education for physicians.

CME Statement Designation: The Society of Hospital Medicine designates this activity for a maximum of 2 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should only claim credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.

Financial Disclosures

Dr. Childers reports having no relevant financial or advisory relationships with corporate organizations related to this activity.

Dr. Juang reports having no relevant financial or advisory relationships with corporate organizations related to this activity.

Editors (Leonard Feldman MD, FACP, SFHM and Kurt Pfeifer MD, FACP, SFHM) Dr. Feldman reports having no relevant financial or advisory relationships with corporate organizations related to this activity.

Dr. Pfeifer reports having no relevant financial or advisory relationships with corporate organizations related to this activity.

SHM COI Policy: In accordance with the ACCME Standards for Commercial Support, SHM requires that individuals in a position to control the content of an educational activity disclose all relevant financial relationships with any commercial interest. SHM resolves all conflicts of interest to ensure independence, objectivity, balance, and scientific rigor in all its educational programs. All relevant financial relationships shall be disclosed to participants prior to the start of the activity.

Furthermore, SHM seeks to verify that all scientific research referred to, reported, or used in a continuing medical education (CME) activity conforms to the generally accepted standards of experimental design, data collection, and analysis. SHM is committed to providing its learners with high-quality CME activities that promote improvements in health care and not those of a commercial interest.

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